The phylogeny of the superfamily Chirostyloidea (Decapoda: Anomura) has been poorly understood owing to limited taxon sampling and discordance between different genes. We present a nine-gene dataset across 15 chirostyloids, including all known yeti crabs (Kiwaidae), to improve the resolution of phylogenetic affinities within and between the different families, and to date key divergences using fossil calibrations. This study supports the monophyly of Chirostyloidea and, within this, a basal split between Eumunididae and a Kiwaidae–Chirostylidae clade. All three families originated in the Mid-Cretaceous, but extant kiwaids and most chirostylids radiated from the Eocene onwards. Within Kiwaidae, the basal split between the seep-endemic Kiwa puravida and a vent clade comprising Kiwa hirsuta and Kiwa spp. found on the East Scotia and Southwest Indian ridges is compatible with a hypothesized seep-to-vent evolutionary trajectory. A divergence date estimate of 13.4–25.9 Ma between the Pacific and non-Pacific lineages is consistent with Kiwaidae spreading into the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean via the newly opened Drake Passage. The recent radiation of Kiwaidae adds to the list of chemosynthetic fauna that appear to have diversified after the Palaeocene/Eocene Thermal Maximum, a period of possibly widespread anoxia/dysoxia in deep-sea basins.
Patricia A. King, the Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Law, Medicine, Ethics, and Public Policy at Georgetown Law Center, plans to step down from the Harvard Corporation at the end of December, the University announced today.A 1969 alumna of Harvard Law School who has served on the Georgetown faculty for nearly four decades, King is a noted expert in legal and ethical aspects of biomedical science, with broad experience at the intersection of scholarship and public policy.“It’s been a great privilege to serve on the Corporation these past seven years and to work with valued colleagues in helping to guide a university that means so much to the world,” said King. “They have been eventful years, including a leadership transition, a worldwide financial crisis, the rise of globalization and new technologies, and a rapidly changing landscape for all of higher education. I’m especially pleased to have played a part in the governance reforms that we adopted in 2010 and that I believe will strengthen the Corporation and the University for decades to come. While I regret having to bring my service to a close for family reasons, I will look back on these years with a sense of deep appreciation, and with admiration for the people who make Harvard so extraordinary.”“Pat King has been a remarkably thoughtful and incisive Corporation colleague, always focused on the institution’s best interests and how it can challenge itself to do better,” said Robert D. Reischauer, the Corporation’s senior fellow and president emeritus of the Urban Institute. “We will all miss working with her, and Harvard will miss her wisdom.”A fellow of Harvard College since March 2006, King has served on the Corporation Committee on Finance, the Corporation Committee on Shareholder Responsibility (which she has chaired since last year), and the Advisory Committee on Honorary Degrees.“I have admired Pat King since I first met her, and I’m very grateful for all she has done to support me personally and to help Harvard advance institutionally,” said President Drew Faust. “She has a clear moral compass, a penetrating view of what matters most to Harvard and higher education, and a wonderfully probing, firm, and yet gracious and generous way about her that has contributed invaluably to the Corporation’s work.”King joined the Georgetown law faculty in 1974, and has also served since 1990 as an adjunct professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management of the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Her scholarship and teaching range across law, medicine, ethics, and public policy. Her publications address such topics as race and bioethics, ethical and policy dimensions of stem cell research, and the ethics of experimentation involving human subjects.A longtime trustee of her undergraduate alma mater, Wheaton College (Mass.), King chaired the Wheaton board from 2000 to 2005. Over the years, she also served as vice chair of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, vice chair of the Russell Sage Foundation, a member of the Council of the Institute of Medicine, and a member of the advisory committee to the director of the National Institutes of Health.Early in her career, King was a lawyer in the federal government, serving as special assistant to the chair of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, deputy director of the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), and deputy assistant attorney general in the Civil Division of the Department of Justice.King is a member of the American Law Institute and the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of the Hastings Center. Her work in bioethics has included service on the HEW’s Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the Ethics, Legal, and Social Issues Working Group of the Human Genome ProjectKing and her husband, Roger Wilkins, the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of History and American Culture Emeritus at George Mason University, live in Washington, D.C.The Harvard Corporation, formally known as the President and Fellows of Harvard College, is Harvard’s principal fiduciary governing board and the smaller of Harvard’s two boards, the other being the Board of Overseers.Nominations and advice regarding future Corporation appointments may be sent, in confidence, to [email protected]
Batesville, In. — Two Indiana cities landed in the top 15 of a list of WalletHub’s “2018’s Best Small Cities in America. Carmel, Indiana landed at #2, Fishers was ranked 13th and Mason, Ohio made the list at #15.A link to the complete study is here.
February 28, 2020 University of Michigan says school hotline has received more than 100 unique complaints of sex abuse by late doctor Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) — University of Michigan says school hotline has received more than 100 unique complaints of sex abuse by late doctor. Associated Press