Armed with a license for just-so storytelling, evolutionists can explain anything – even opposites.Call it research. Call it a ‘study’. Call it expert opinion. It’s still just storytelling.Science is supposed to be about evidence and repeatable, testable demonstration. But when it comes to evolutionary explanations, scientists and reporters shed all restraint and put on their Rudyard Kipling costumes, weaving fanciful tales as if talking down to children. The children are not allowed to ask questions. What the expert says is just so.Watch Laura Geggel engage the art in Live Science, in her story, “Tale of 2 Tails: Why Do Sharks and Whales Swim So Differently?” (emphasis on Tale). The theme is, if something exists, evolution did it. Her ‘expert’ is Kenneth Lacovara, an evolutionary paleontologist.Whales move their tails up and down because they evolved from mammals about 50 million years ago, said Kenneth Lacovara, a professor of paleontology and geology and the dean of the School of Earth & Environment at Rowan University in Glassboro, New Jersey.“When quadrupedal [four-legged] mammals run, their spine flexes up and down,” Lacovara told Live Science. Whales retained this anatomy, which allows them to gallop underwater, so to speak, Lacovara said.The oldest known relation in the modern whale lineage is Pakicetus attocki, a four-legged, wolf-size mammal that likely had webbed feet. [Once upon a time,] P. attocki lived on the edges of a shallow ocean and chowed down on fish about 50 million years ago, Live Science previously reported.As evolution progressed, the lineage that led to whales became more, for lack of a better term, whale-like. For instance, the 35-million-year-old Basilosaurus lived in the water and measured about 60 feet (18 meters) long, as long as a bowling lane. However, the animal still had tiny, dog-size hind limbs, a remnant of its quadrupedal past, according to PastTime.org.“[The limbs] were on their way to becoming vestigial appendages,” Lacovara said. But, even as these vestigial limbs disappeared, whales were “retaining that same musculature that they got from their quadrupedal ancestors,” he said.On the other hand, because sharks are fish, they move their tales [sic] back and forth. Even when fish first ventured onto land, they still moved in a side-to-side motion. For example, the 375-million-year-old Tiktaalik roseae, the first fish thought to venture out of the water, likely moved in a side-to-side motion, Lacovara said.Undoubtedly, if fish were seen to move their tails up and down, and whales did the reverse, the same tale could be told with equal ease by the Darwinian storytellers. That’s because natural selection equates to the Stuff Happens Law. If an animal keeps moving its tail one way, that’s evolution. If it decides to move its tail another way, that’s evolution, too.In his book Darwin’s House of Cards, journalist Tom Bethell, having interviewed leading evolutionists, argues that Darwinism is a cultural product of the ‘myth of progress’ that predominated in 19th-century Europe. We see a vestigial relic of that in Geggel’s phrase, “as evolution progressed.” But there is nothing about neo-Darwinism that requires progress. Extinction, in fact, is much more common. Evolution is so flexible, it moves forward, backward, up, down, and sideways (12/19/07). That’s because it has no guidance, no goal, no purpose. Pakicetus was not trying to become a whale.In another recent book, Zombie Science, Jonathan Wells critically examines this new ‘icon of evolution’, the tale of the whale. He dismantles every aspect of the just-so story Geggel and Lacovara just told, showing that the fossils do not line up in a sequence, that the discoverer lied about them (inferring parts that were not found), and that the ‘vestigial’ aspect is false—the reduced limbs are functional.So why didn’t Geggel, like a good science reporter, do her homework and ask Wells’s opinion about the observational facts of the story? After all, Wells has two PhDs, one in science (embryology), and he just researched and wrote about whale evolution, supplying numerous references. The reason: when it comes to matters of evolution, Live Science is not about science, but religion. Darwin skeptics are heretics. Only proponents of the religion are allowed to speak. As Richard Lewontin famously admitted in 1997,Our willingness to accept scientific claims that are against common sense is the key to an understanding of the real struggle between science and the supernatural. We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of its failure to fulfill many of its extravagant promises of health and life, in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a prior commitment, a commitment to materialism. It is not that the methods and institutions of science somehow compel us to accept a material explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on the contrary, that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counter-intuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door. The eminent Kant scholar Lewis Beck used to say that anyone who could believe in God could believe in anything. To appeal to an omnipotent deity is to allow that at any moment the regularities of nature may be ruptured, that miracles may happen.And yet, cannot that criticism of God be turned around? Can’t it be said that anyone who believes in the Stuff Happens Law could believe in anything? Isn’t Darwinism the omnipotent deity that upsets the regularities of nature, allowing natural miracles to happen?As evolution progressed, the lineage that led to whales became more, for lack of a better term, whale-like.Because Jonathan Wells is an unrepentant heretic from the church of Darwin, his reputation as a scientist has been mercilessly trashed by the keepers of the faith (when it is not ignored). And so, despite his calm and factual manner, Wells jokingly advises readers of Zombie Science to make brown paper book covers for it, so that they will not be seen carrying it around.More StorytellingJon Tennant is another trained just-so storyteller for the Darwin Party. In PLoS Blogs, reproduced by Phys.org, he picks up the story of how land animals learned to eat underwater. Talking down to the children, he encourages them to close their eyes and imagine:But did you know that all marine mammals descended from common land-dwelling ancestors? It might be difficult to see that by looking at modern species alone, but that’s where the fossil record comes in handy. An accurate picture of their evolution is crucial for helping us to understand the structure of increasingly threatened aquatic ecosystems.By looking in detail at the fossilised ancestors of marine mammals in order to understand their ecology, we can see that terrestrial mammals returned to the seas millions of years ago – this makes them secondarily aquatic. A major part of this involved the morphological and behavioural adaptations required to become specialised oceanic feeders. Anyone who’s ever tried to eat underwater will know exactly what we mean.Evolutionary pressure is so pervasive, in fact, Tennant claims that “whales, dolphins and seals follow the same evolutionary patterns.” Too bad that birds didn’t learn their Darwin lessons. Cormorants and pelicans carry their underwater food to the shore to eat. Other birds gulp it down in the air while flying. The lesson is: evolution pushes you to learn to eat underwater, except when it doesn’t. Birds had far more time to learn their lessons than whales did. But Tennant selectively applies evolutionary principles to keep the story going:This implies two things, evolutionarily. Firstly, that an ability to feed underwater is constrained in terms of the process of adaptation – you need to follow a specialised set of rules in order to survive. The same sort of pattern can be seen in birds, pterosaurs, and bats – all distinct lineages that independently learned how to fly. Secondly, as marine mammals also occupy a range of different feeding styles, from filter feeders to hypercarnivores, this process of adaptation seems to ultimately open up a wide diversity of possibilities for feeding behaviours.If adaptation were a process, it would work consistently. We can see, however, that if birds had learned to eat underwater, and if marine mammals had learned to beach themselves to eat on land, that would be just fine for Darwinians. Whatever happens, they could call it ‘adaptation’ and glorify the ‘process’ that made it evolutionarily successful. Tennant ends,This is important, as it shows us how using the fossil record opens up the process of evolution, as opposed just to looking at a product of it by focusing exclusively on modern animals.Lesson: Don’t try and understand evolution without looking at the fossil record.In Darwin’s fantasy storyland, whales could adapt to fly, just like Disney portrayed them in Fantasia 2000. It would be interesting to see what story a Darwin novitiate would come up with if shown that episode as a ‘documentary’ by serious colleagues and given the assignment to write an essay about how it evolved._____We would agree with Tennant’s last sentence, in the sense that looking at the fossil record does help one understand evolution. It helps one understand that evolution is false.(Visited 628 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Tags:#APIs#Web Development 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now dimitri sirota Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Related Posts Application programming interfaces first found their footing among consumer Web sites wanting to transform into platforms. APIs let Web sites foster developer communities that could build apps anchored to their services. Innovative apps would attract new users to the Web site, help keep existing users engaged and—with a little bit of luck—make some money.However, this virtuous cycle of APIs and innovation does not have to be limited to consumer Web sites. Enterprises have countless data and application resources distributed across their data centers and all of these could be opened to internal developers via APIs. Done right, this could drive development innovation. Internal programmers with access to diverse internal information resources could build more compelling mobile and cloud apps, in less time.Centralize API Discovery Through A DirectoryEnablement is the starting point for getting developers to build better apps, faster. Apps need data and APIs provide the windows into data, both inside the enterprise and out in the cloud. Yet finding the APIs that front data sources to enrich mobile apps is no easy task. Back in the days of service-oriented architecture, service directories emerged as the vehicle for helping developers find software service elements that could be reused and composed into diverse business processes.An API portal can assume a similar role in providing a centralized point of API discovery and reuse in mobile. An API portal provides the core directory, developer management and developer collaboration features that aid mobile innovation. It presents information on what data resources are available and how these resources can be accessed, along with documentation, code samples and so on, all in a simple Web-based format.Internal vs. External DevelopersFor some time, vendors have been making API portals available from the cloud, with an eye toward aiding the external long-tail developer. But that same technology brought inside the data center can also be used by internal developers. While external developer communities can provide a forum for experimentation and education, the real ROI for most enterprises will occur inside the DMZ. Allowing internal developers to build productive and agile mobile apps will help organizations deliver effective consumer and employee-facing apps faster.But to do this, the API portal will need to be brought inside the firewall where the enterprise will be able to manage internal developers securely. This will increase productivity, resulting in more and richer apps, in less time.Having seen the potential service directories had for organizing internal development efforts, API management firms have now effectively bridged the lessons of SOA to mobile. API portals can now support classic SOAP services along with newer REST interfaces and can be deployed 100% inside the datacenter. This enables enterprises to use API portals strategically—not just for powering external developer communities. By placing itself at the center of an internal app-building ecosystem, a well-deployed API portal can spur innovation across internal mobile development teams.
Anil Kumble’s fans on Wednesday slammed the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) after the board’s indifferent birthday wish to the legendary cricketer.The former India captain and one of the greatest bowlers to have played cricket, turns 47 today. The fiery leg-spinner captained India in 14 Tests and oversaw three victories, five defeats and six draws.BCCI in their tweet wrote, “Here’s wishing former #TeamIndia bowler @anilkumble1074 a very happy birthday.”However, the board later deleted its tweet after fans slammed the BCCI for giving Kumble due respect.BCCI @BCCI deletes tweet on Anil Kumble @anilkumble1074 after attack. Damage control mode now #cricket pic.twitter.com/QMurVOfZF2- APRAMEYA .C (@APRAMEYAC) October 17, 2017″Here’s wishing a very happy birthday to former #TeamIndia Captain Mr. Anil Kumble #Legend #HappyBirthdayJumbo,” BCCI later tweeted.Here’s wishing a very happy birthday to former #TeamIndia Captain Mr. Anil Kumble #Legend #HappyBirthdayJumbo pic.twitter.com/uX52m8yYif- BCCI (@BCCI) October 17, 2017Kumble is India’s highest wicket taker in both Tests and one-day internationals. The leg-spinner took 619 wickets from 132 matches in the longest format and 337 wickets from 271 ODIs.Kumble made his Test debut in August 1990 against England at Manchester when he was 19. He made his ODI debut in April earlier that year against Sri Lanka in Sharjah. Kumble’s cricket career was spread over 18 years in which he single-handedly led India to famous victories.The inspirational leader was also appointed the coach of the Indian cricket team in 2016 and during his one-year term, Virat Kohli-led India won five consecutive Test series from June 2016-March 2017. Under Kumble’s guidance, India also registered ODI series win against New Zealand and England, and reached the ICC Champions Trophy final.advertisementHowever, two days after the Champions Trophy Kumble resigned from his post as his partnership with captain Kohli became ‘untenable’.
Well, after much begging and a small monetary contribution to Kyle’s children’s college fund, I get to keep writing for PFB. I’m moving on from breaking down plays to breaking down recruiting film. On to today’s recruit, Mique Juarez. Juarez is an athletic OLB. He could potentially play the star position with his speed and size. The star position is basically a third safety. In the Big 12, defenses need as much speed on the field as possible. Jordan Burton was OSU’s star linebacker this year. Burton is 6’3 215, Juarez is listed at 6’2 215. As you can see, Juarez is an athlete. His 40 time is listed in the 4.6 range. That’s solid for a linebacker. Juarez plays DE, LB, QB, and WR, he also had some kick return action in there. Juarez looks like a college athlete playing pee wee. He’s aggressive, mean and likes to head hunt. His combination of speed and power are too much for high school players to handle. Juarez also shows nice patience in waiting for the play to develop before attacking. That is something OSU needs badly. On Perine’s big touchdown run, OSU’s linebacker shot inside and there wasn’t anybody to the outside to contain the edge. Juarez also has the make up speed if he does step the wrong direction. His vision is probably his greatest strength, he sees the play, and he understands what the offense is trying to do. His experience at QB will pay off big time when it comes to defense. He does have some things to work on, he often times slings people to the ground. That works when you are considerably bigger and stronger than everyone. It won’t work against D1 level running backs. What skills he lacks in are coachable; you can’t coach speed, vision, and power.Strengths: Speed, field vision, power, explosiveness, and size for the position.Weakness: Arm tackling, and getting by on athletic advantage instead of using good technique.Player he reminds me of: Eric Striker, they have similar size, athletic ability and explosiveness.Juarez would be a game changer for OSU’s defense. The linebackers are really good players, they just are missing someone who can take over a game, similar to how Striker took over Bedlam. OSU had no answer for his relentless attack. OSU has recruited well at DE, imagine having a good DE and putting blitzing Juarez on the same side. Likeliness of OSU getting him: I’d say 25 percent, it’ll be tough to fight through the California schools and OU. Hopefully he picks the good guys this winter.I’ll be back later on to break down some of our other big name recruits. If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers!
Phnom Penh: Khmer Rouge ‘brother number two’ Nuon Chea died Sunday aged 93, a spokesman for the Cambodia tribunal where he was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity said. “We can confirm that defendant Nuon Chea… passed away this evening on 4 August 2019 at Khmer Soviet Friendship hospital,” said Neth Pheaktra, spokesman for the tribunal. The cause of his death was not given. The reign of terror led by “Brother Number 1” Pol Pot left some two million Cambodians dead from overwork, starvation and mass executions from 1975 to 1979. But Nuon Chea, considered the Khmer Rouge’s chief ideologue, was not arrested until 2007. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince ‘snubbed’ Pak PM, recalled jet from USHe and other senior members of the ultra-Maoist group were put on trial at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. The UN-backed court sentenced him to life in prison last year after he was found guilty of genocide against the ethnic Vietnamese and Cham Muslim minority group. His lawyers had planned to appeal. Nuon Chea and the sole surviving defendant on trial, Khieu Samphan, were previously handed life sentences in 2014 over the forced evacuation of Phnom Penh in 1975, when Khmer Rouge troops drove the population of the capital into the countryside. Also Read – Record number of 35 candidates in fray for SL Presidential pollsThe revolutionaries who tried to recreate Buddhist-majority Cambodia into an agrarian Marxist utopia attempted to abolish class while targeting religious groups and the educated. The hybrid court, which uses a mix of Cambodian and international law, was created with UN backing in 2006 to try senior Khmer Rouge leaders. It has convicted only three people so far and cost more than 300 million. Former Khmer Rouge foreign minister Ieng Sary and his wife died without facing justice, while Pol Pot passed away in 1998. Prime Minister Hun Sen, a former Khmer Rouge cadre, has warned against future investigations, claiming it would plunge the country into chaos. Tribunal watchers believe that last year’s ruling will be the final verdict, raising questions about the court’s legacy in a country where many are too young to remember the Khmer Rouge. Youk Chhang, head of the country’s pre-eminent Khmer Rouge archive, the Documentation Centre of Cambodia, said Nuon Chea was “born innocent but he committed sin and so he died with sin”.