Tag: 上海后花园论坛


first_imgGAZETTE: You mentioned low-hanging fruit. Are we talking about simple things, easy to deploy, like bed nets?WIRTH: Yes. Long-lasting-insecticide-treated bed nets, residual insecticide spraying, and diagnosis and treatment at scale with effective drugs. Those are the pillars of what has worked, but now progress has slowed. Overall progress is great, but the [change] over the last couple of years has not been so great.The World Malaria Report from the WHO said malaria is at a crossroads. Now’s the time when we need to really dig in and try to understand why progress slowed. And — Pedro and I share this belief — we are going to need new tools.The ideal would be a long-lasting, very effective vaccine. That’s the kind of thinking we need now, because to develop a vaccine starting now is a decade-long process.That’s just an example. Perhaps we could genetically engineer mosquitoes to change their ability to transmit [the malaria parasite], or to reproduce. But questions remain about whether it will work and whether that’s the right strategy.GAZETTE: Who attends the workshop?WIRTH: We try to get as broad a range of participants as possible. We have people coming from leading research institutions, heads of national malaria control programs, heads of agencies or programs that identify need for products and develop products, people from major philanthropic organizations, the major funders, and we have people from multilaterals like the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria …ALONSO: From the U.S. government, the President’s Malaria Initiative, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health …WIRTH: And we have people from the WHO’s Global Malaria Programme and Pan American Health Organization who are positioned in regional centers where they act as resource people for country programs.ALONSO: We at times struggle with calling this a course, because what it becomes is a joint dialogue and discussion. So it has the format of a course, but it takes just a couple of minutes before that person is questioned by the participants. It really brings people together with very different backgrounds, from across the world, and one of its strengths is this element of networking.You put into the room someone from the Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases in China, which has just reached zero cases for the first time in the last 3,000 years — has stopped malaria — with someone from Senegal, which is still struggling with a fair amount of malaria, or from Tanzania. That cross-fertilization, putting people in the same room for a week with the best facilitators in each discipline — it’s a wonderful experience and one that leaves a deep impression on them.GAZETTE: We talk about challenges, but there are quite a few countries where malaria has been eliminated. It used to be here in the U.S. and I’m interested in the China example. What has been the decline in cases worldwide over the last 10 years?ALONSO: In the early part of last century, there were still major outbreaks of malaria here in Boston, and there were big ones in Washington, D.C. Malaria was only eliminated in the 1960s from the U.S.Probably most of the planet had malaria transmission 150 years ago. So countries have been eliminating malaria. That has been through a combination of economic and social development and a very targeted plan of public health action.So there’s been great progress in many parts of the world, and a certain sense that probably the easier ones are the ones that have eliminated malaria through a combination of economic development and the fact that efficiency of mosquitoes varies from some parts to others. Where it has been eliminated, probably the mosquito was not the most efficient at transmitting malaria.We are starting to see some of the harder countries managing to cross the finish line. Perhaps the most remarkable example is Sri Lanka, which is an island country but a very tropical one, with pretty good mosquitoes. And they managed to eliminate and be certified.China managing to do this is really a major [milestone]. China was a highly endemic country and last year they, for the first time in history, reached zero cases. That needs to be confirmed over the next couple of years, three years, before they can be certified.In terms of absolute numbers, we are now somewhere around 220 million cases, which is down from something like 250 million or 260 million. If you say that’s not a lot, remember we’ve had huge population growth in that time. So, in terms of rates, you’re actually talking about a 40 percent reduction in cases and a 65 to 67 percent reduction in deaths. Related Politics biggest threat to malaria effort Experts, program heads, and present and future leaders in the fight against malaria gathered at Harvard Business School in June for a weeklong workshop aimed at supporting global eradication efforts.The program is an annual event that rotates among locations chosen by the three host organizations: Harvard University, the Barcelona Institute for Global Health at the University of Barcelona, and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute at the University of Basel.While the number of malaria cases has fallen in recent years, experts say a renewed effort and new tools are needed if progress is to be maintained. Pedro Alonso, director of the Global Malaria Programme at the World Health Organization (WHO), and Dyann Wirth, Richard Pearson Strong Professor and chair of the Harvard Chan School’s Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases and a board member of Harvard’s Defeating Malaria: From the Genes to the Globe initiative, sat down with the Gazette to talk about the challenging goal of relegating malaria, like smallpox, to the past.,Q&APedro Alonso and Dyann WirthGAZETTE: Tell me about the leadership event. Why is it important in the effort to rid the world of malaria?ALONSO: The event is a leadership course on malaria and malaria eradication. This was something that Dyann and Professor [Marcel] Tanner from Switzerland and myself thought of a number of years back. At the time, the world had been doing really well in the fight against malaria and the concept of eradication, which means doing away completely with the parasite from the face of the planet, was back on the table.Looking back on the first attempt to eradicate malaria, in the 1950s, there were a number of lessons to be captured, but I believe two important ones. One, research was abandoned during that first eradication campaign. There was this notion that we had the tools and the knowledge, and there was no need for further research. That was a fatal mistake that we didn’t want to make again.The second is that it is often said that the first malaria eradication campaign failed to eradicate malaria but nearly succeeded in eradicating research and malariologists. Therefore, the other key driver was the notion that you do need — even when you are making good progress — to build a very strong foundation of well-trained leaders who will be able to drive this process in the years to come.GAZETTE: How ambitious is the goal of eradication?ALONSO: It is a tough job and it’s going to take us a long time to do it. As to the question: Will there be eradication? The answer is yes. But we now need to discuss when and how we are going to achieve it. We have all of the right tools in place, but do we have all the human resources and technical capacity in place?WIRTH: In some ways we’ve captured the low-hanging fruit. Doing better implementation of what we already have has caused a dramatic decline. In some countries, malaria cases went down by 75 percent. And overall reduction is somewhere in the 40 to 50 percent range. “The World Malaria Report from the WHO said malaria is at a crossroads. Now’s the time when we need to really dig in and try to understand why progress slowed.” — Dyann Wirthcenter_img Progress will be lost if new president abandons fight GAZETTE: What has been the key for the countries that have been successful?ALONSO: Political commitment. It’s a rather loose term, but you can point to that and say that is what it is.Last week we certified Paraguay, which people may think an unlikely country to be malaria-free. But Paraguay has a 35-year history of aiming to eliminate malaria, across very different governments and political situations.Sri Lanka actually eliminated malaria in the face of significant civil strife. They made up their mind as a country and said we’ll fight each other — rather viciously — on many other things, but the one thing that we agree on is that we’re going to get rid of malaria.WIRTH: The other piece — in the countries that have eliminated — is that they’ve had the right combination of professional staff supported by universities. In Sri Lanka, there was this integration between the people doing the elimination and the knowledge base and research base that told them how to do it and kept up with it. I actually think that is underemphasized. In the end, each country has to solve its own specific problem. There can be standard operating procedures but they have to be adapted with local knowledge.GAZETTE: Where are there gaps in research?WIRTH: I think we need to understand how the parasite evolves and is selected.The parasite is a survivor, as is the mosquito. The survival tactics include resistance to drugs and insecticide, so we need to understand that and be able to use that to our advantage. I think we need a way of preventing disease and preventing transmission that’s more broad-based, and without a vaccine that’s going to be difficult. The alternative to that is really a change in the mosquito biology. Either you reduce the number of mosquitoes that can transmit disease or keep the mosquito population extant but populate it with mosquitoes that can’t transmit the disease. There are various ways of thinking about that, but those are tools that are really missing.This interview was edited for length and clarity.last_img read more


first_imgSackers – Joanna Smith, Naomi Brown and Emma Martin have all been promoted by the UK law firm. Smith and Brown are now associate directors, while Martin is a senior associate as of next month. Smith specialises in funding agreements and scheme mergers and also advises on defined contribution (DC) trust deeds for new funds set up under auto-enrolment. Brown has worked on a number of cases relating to the Pension Protection Fund and company insolvencies, while Martin was recently seconded to the Pensions Regulator, where she focused on DC matters.Schroders – Clara Yan has been named director of insurance asset liability management. Prior to joining Schroders, Yan spent six years at the investment banking branch of UBS and has also worked at Legal & General. She is qualified as an actuary in Australia and the UK. Irwin Mitchell, Principal Global Investors, PwC, Sackers, SchrodersIrwin Mitchell – Penny Cogher has joined the law firm as partner. She joins from Charles Russell Speechly, and has experience advising on compliance, risk management and buy-ins and buyouts. Cogher will be based in London.Principal Global Investors – Nicolas Woodcock and Sebastien Poulin have joined the fixed income team. Woodcock joins from Friends Life Investment and before then spent five years at Fidelity International as a credit analyst. Poulin joined from Newton Investment Management, where he was a high-yield analyst, and has also worked at Standard & Poor’s and BNP Paribas.PwC – Alison Fleming, Ros Williams, Debbie Cane and Julia Yates have all been promoted. Fleming has been named equity partner, with a focus on financial services, but will continue to lead the consultancy’s Scottish pensions team. Williams, Cane and Yates have all been promoted to director. Williams will continue to work with corporate pension clients in the Midlands, Yates will lead the office’s pensions credit team and Cane will continue working within the asset-backed contributions pension advisory team.last_img read more


first_imgThe West African Examination Council’s (WAEC) Monrovia office announced yesterday that it will begin to administer this year’s WAEC exams to 12th graders across the country from Monday, June 27 to Friday, July 1.The head of the Monrovia office, John Y. Gayvolor Sr., had on previous occasions maintained that the tests will be administered as scheduled.“WAEC registers candidates for Schools and Private Examinations, while the School Examination is May/June, with the Private Candidates Examination being November and December. Private candidates are students who previously sat the test but failed to obtain the required average,” Gayvolor said. This year’s exam has been embroiled in uncertainty, coupled with the reported leak of exam papers leading to the rescheduling of the exams.Dele G. Gboto, WAEC Head of Test Administration, meanwhile, advised all registered 12th graders “to prepare themselves and go to the selected testing centers carrying with them pencils and pens only, but nothing else, especially electronic devices, as doing so will disqualify any candidate caught.”Accordingly, the Ministry of Education (MOE) in collaboration with WAEC said it is constrained to inform the public that the Liberia Senior High School Certificate Examination (LSHSCE) will also be administered from Monday, June 27 to Friday, July 1.The ministry said education stakeholders including parents, candidates, school authorities, and the public, are advised to adhere to the examination dates, which remain unchanged.WAEC, said Gboto, “is very confident of administering the exams from June 27 to July 1.”MOE has also notified all 12th graders that no school administration or candidate will be charged for the re-run of the exam.MOE further advised that “there will be no collection of flexibility fees; candidates should not be denied their WAEC identification card (ID) number for not paying project fees; candidates are encouraged to abide by all rules and regulations governing the exams.” The excitement of thousands of 12th graders died down recently when it was announced that the WAEC examination was cancelled, “because test materials had been stolen from their location at the Konola SDA high school campus.”Following the stunning disclosure, the MOE in collaboration with WAEC Monrovia office set the new dates for the exams from June 27 to July 1. The Liberia Senior High School Certificate Examination (LSHSCE) is administered to candidates who were not successful in their first sitting at the LSHSCE either in the May or the December examination, and private candidates who can demonstrate proof of completing the 12th grade curriculum as prescribed by the Ministry of Education. The actual date for the examination is communicated to the candidates through circular and public service announcements. Subjects to be offered for the examination are grouped into three categories, Core, General and Science Subjects.The Core (Compulsory) Subjects are: Subject CodeEnglish Language 101Mathematics 301The General Subjects comprise of:Economics 201Geography 202History 203Literature-in-English 204The Science Subjects comprise ofBiology 401Chemistry 402Physics 403Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more


first_imgThe Prince George-Peace River-Northern Rockie’s own member of parliament Bob Zimmer was officially sworn in while in Ottawa today.Honoured to be in Ottawa today to be sworn in as MP for PG-PR-NR for another term with my wife Val and family! pic.twitter.com/ew6FukRbYl— Bob Zimmer MP (@bobzimmermp) November 13, 2015He was joined by his wife and children as he signed on for his next term as an MP.- Advertisement -Earlier this week, Zimmer and local legion member Gary Bath attended the Remembrance Day ceremonies at the National War Memorial in Ottawa on Wednesday.last_img read more


first_imgSANTA CLARA — DeForest Buckner can now add “Pro Bowler” to his credentials when it comes to this offseason’s contract talks with the 49ers on a lucrative extension.Buckner was named Tuesday to his first Pro Bowl as he will replace Philadelphia Eagles defensive tackle Fletcher Cox, who sustained a foot injury in Sunday’s playoff loss at New Orleans.SANTA CLARA, CA – DECEMBER 23: San Francisco 49ers’ DeForest Buckner (99) sacks Chicago Bears starting quarterback Mitchell Trubisky (10) in the …last_img read more


first_imgIt wasn’t that long ago that Yahoo stood accused of letting Flickr decay beyond repair. Today, under the guidance of new CEO Marissa Mayer, the company has given the oft maligned image-sharing community a major facelift. Yahoo’s announcement promises a Flickr that’s “more spectacular, much bigger, and one you can take anywhere.”  Introducing The GridThe most instantly noticeable change is an aesthetic one. Your photos have enlarged themselves to jaw dropping size and now dominate the screen. Taking a cue from Instagram, your home page is now an infinite scroll through your contacts’ recent photos.Your profile page has also gone the way of Pinterest and Windows 8, filling the page with a grid of images. Just like Facebook and Twitter, your profile page includes a background photo to offset your profile picture. I found that Flickr had already put one of my Favorites as my background image, a photo I didn’t even take myself. As it’s not credited, I certainly hope the photographer doesn’t take issue. Tags:#flickr#Yahoo Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… lauren orsini 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the grid. Here’s what’s new on your Flickr account:Room To GrowAs recently as yesterday, free Flickr users could upload and display 200 images at a time. Now every user has one terabyte of storage space. For those of you playing along at home, that’s enough for roughly 200,000 photos. Or as the Flickr staff puts it even more dramatically, “you could take a photo every hour for forty years without filling one.”Following Flickr’s consistently freemium model, you can get even more perks by going pro. Fifty dollars will remove all advertisements. And for the serious professional, $499.99 will double your storage space to two terabytes per year. Or, you know, more than 400,000 photos. If you already had an original Flickr Pro account, priced at $24.95, you’re getting a heck of a deal. Yahoo has upgraded you to the $49.99 option until August 2013, free of charge. Pro user Aaron Brazell sent us a screenshot of his pro account, pictured below: A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Wait, What’s Going On?A lot here has changed and Flickr power users are still trying to figure out what’s new. Flickr’s most active discussion forum, Flickr Central, is abuzz with comments about the change. Given that these are the people that continued to daily use Flickr even as the rest of the Internet complained it was dead, it’s no surprise they’re unhappy with the change.“I signed on Flickr to post a story about Yahoo vowing not to screw up Tumblr … and then I see the clusterfuck that is the new homepage,” one user wrote. Meanwhile, confusion abounds at Flickr’s official Help Forum. I’d be amazed if the staff can answer all 1,100 plus questions that were added in the last hour. It looks like Yahoo might want to update Flickr’s FAQ guidelines, which still link to old news like the ability to pay $24.95 for a pro subscription.If you’re confused, don’t add to the backlog. I have reached out to Yahoo for details on when the new FAQ will be up and will update when we know more. Update May 21 at 8 AM Pacific: a Yahoo spokesperson informed me the Flickr FAQ has been updated with new information about the redesign.  Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts last_img read more


first_imgN. SrinivasanBCCI President-in-exile N Srinivasan was on Thursday formally appointed the first Chairman of the ICC after its 52-member council approved a controversial revamp of the body’s administrative structure.The full council approved the amendments to the ICC’s Memorandum and Articles of Association at the Annual Conference, here.As was widely known before the conference, Srinivasan was elected the Chairman despite being barred by the Supreme Court of India from carrying out his duties as BCCI President due to ongoing investigations into the match-fixing allegations relating to the 2013 edition of the IPL.However, after the Apex court refused to stop his nomination to the ICC position, decks were cleared for his anointment to the newly-created post. The revamp will also hand major executive decision-making authority to the ‘Big Three’ of the game — India, Australia and England.”It is an honour to be confirmed as the Chairman of the International Cricket Council. I will leave no stone unturned in trying to strengthen the pillars and foundations of our sport, both on and off the field,” Srinivasan said in a statement issued by the ICC.”I want to ensure that cricket retains and grows its popularity, and that the ICC plays a leading role in this global growth. I want to see more strong teams in international cricket. For this to be achieved, we all need to work hard to develop local talent in our countries. Naturally, there will be more support to those who first show they can help themselves,” he addedadvertisementSrinivasan congratulated outgoing ICC President Alan Isaac for his contribution.”Mr Isaac has been an inspirational President of the ICC. He provided guidance to everyone during his two-year term and all three international formats remain incredibly popular. The game is unquestionably stronger than it was at the start of his term,” said Srinivasan.The approval of the constitutional changes, which flowed from an ICC Board resolution taken in Singapore on February 8 and finalised on April 10, also means that a new Executive Committee was formed, which will report to the ICC Board.The initial Chair of the Executive Committee will be Cricket Australia’s Chairman, Wally Edwards, while the Chair of the ICC’s Finance and Commercial Affairs Committee (F&CA) will continue to be England and Wales Cricket Board’s Chairman, Giles Clarke.The Annual Conference also saw Mustafa Kamal become the 11th President of the ICC.”This is a memorable and historic day for Bangladesh cricket. On this day 14 years ago, Bangladesh became the 10th Test playing country. Today, a Bangladeshi becomes the 11th President of the International Cricket Council. Thank you for bestowing this honour on Bangladesh and me,” said Kamal.”Over the next 12 months, I look forward to working with the ICC Board and ICC Management, and will be delighted to contribute in any way I can. In Mr Srinivasan and David Richardson, I have absolute trust and confidence that we have a combination that will not only strengthen our sport, but will also take this great organisation to a new level.”From 2016, the ICC Board, which will continue to be the primary decision-making body, will elect the ICC Chairman for a two-year term.The ICC Board confirmed that the USA Cricket Association (USACA) is the recognised member. The West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) and ICC management will, however, continue to work with USACA and other interested stakeholders to assist in overcoming some challenges currently facing the governance and development of the game in the USA.The ICC Board also approved the Development Committee’s recommendation that Oman Cricket (OC) become the 38th Associate Member of the ICC. However, Affiliate Membership of Brunei was suspended, while Tonga was removed as an Affiliate Member. The ICC now has 105 members.The ICC Board also noted the Associate and Affiliate Members’ decision, which re-elected Imran Khawaja and Neil Speight for another two years as their representatives on the ICC Board, while Keith Oliver was replaced by Francois Erasmus.- with PTI inputslast_img read more


first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Real Madrid wing-back Hakimi: Best decision to join Borussia Dortmundby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveReal Madrid wing-back Achraf Hakimi says his move to Borussia Dortmund has been the best decision of his career.Hakimi is on-loan at BVB this season.He said, “I grew up in the youth clubs of Real Madrid, with whom I did the whole route up to the first team, but I needed to change, I need to grow as a player, gaining more space and achieving new goals as a starter.”In Dortmund everything is going well, I hope it goes on for a long time.”I am very happy to be here. It was not easy to adapt, but now I find myself at ease.” last_img read more


first_imgChelsea boss Lampard pleased with 2-goal Batshuayi: We need himby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Frank Lampard was pleased with striker Michy Batshuayi for his two goals in their Carabao Cup win over Grimsby.The Blues ran out 7-1 winners to set up a round of 16 tie with Manchester United.Lampard said, “He has worked hard and trained well. He came on at Wolves and made an impact, came on against Liverpool and nearly made an impact and that is great for me when you give a message and someone shows they can train daily and improve there. “Michy has talent, he can hold the ball up and use both feet and can score goals, and he is important for us. He got his chance and scored goals tonight which is good because we need options up front.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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