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first_imgWillian scored the winner the last time Chelsea met EvertonKick-off: 12.45pm, Saturday 12 September 2015Referee: Andre Marriner (Sheldon, West Midlands)BetVictor.com preview: Back Blues to see off Everton despite poor startMatch in a nutshell: Chelsea look to bounce back at Goodison Park after their worst start to a season since 1995.Injuries and suspensionsEVERTONRuled out: Tom Cleverley (ankle), Leighton Baines (ankle), Darron Gibson (foot), Steven Pienaar (hamstring), Tony Hibbert (knee).Fitness tests: Bryan Oviedo (knee), Brendan Galloway (knee)Suspended: None.CHELSEARuled out: Thibaut Courtois (knee), Oscar (muscle injury).Fitness tests: None.Suspended: None. Predicted line-upsEverton: Howard; Coleman, Stones, Jagielka, Oviedo; McCarthy, Barry; Lennon, Barkley, Kone; Lukaku. Subs from: Robles, Browning, Pennington, Galloway, Besic, Deulofeu, Mirallas, Naismith, Funes Mori, Holgate, McGeady, Osman.Chelsea: Begovic; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Matic, Fabregas; Pedro, Willian, Hazard; Costa. Subs from: Blackman, Baba, Aina, Zouma, Djilobodji, Mikel, Loftus-Cheek, Ramires, Kenedy, Remy, Falcao. Vital statisticsForm guide – last five league matchesEverton total: D L W D L (5 points)Home: L D L L W (4 points)Chelsea total: L W L D W (7 points)Away: W L L W D (7 points)Top scorers – all competitionsEverton: Lukaku 4; Barkley 2; Kone 1, Mirallas 1, Naismith 1.Chelsea: Azpilicueta 1, Costa 1, Falcao 1, Oscar 1, Pedro 1.Last five meetings12 February 2015: Chelsea 1 Everton 030 August 2014: Everton 3, Chelsea 622 February 2014: Chelsea 1 Everton 014 September 2013: Everton 1 Chelsea 019 May 2013: Chelsea 2 Everton 1Everton 1 win, Chelsea 4 wins, 0 drawsSee also:Chelsea keeper Courtois undergoes knee operationOscar closing in on Chelsea returnMourinho not thinking about possible emergency loan after Courtois injuryEverton v Chelsea line-ups: Cahill and Willian dropped, Mikel plays, two changes for EvertonFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest During floor debate of Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act in early November, the House of Representatives voted to defeat the “Safe Trucking Act” amendment proposed by Congressman Reid Ribble (R-WI). The legislation would have allowed states to permit six-axle, 91,000-pound semis on their interstate system. The final vote was 187 ayes, 236 nays, and 10 who did not vote.More than 70 of the nation’s leading food and agriculture associations — including the American Farm Bureau, American Fruit and Vegetable Processors and Growers Coalition, American Soybean Association, International Dairy Foods Association, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, National Grain and Feed Association, and the National Farmers Union — sent a letter urging Congress to include the Safe, Flexible and Efficient (SAFE) Trucking Act (H.R. 3488) as an amendment to the highway reauthorization legislation.In the letter, the organizations wrote: “In the agriculture and food industries, our farms and businesses are growing and making products more resourcefully, but outdated federal transportation rules force trucks to leave the farm and our plants when they are partly empty. By giving states the option to raise the federal gross vehicle weight limit from 80,000 pounds to 91,000 pounds for trucks equipped with six axles rather than the typical five, the SAFE Trucking Act would safely modernize truck shipments on Interstate highways by reducing the number of trucks needed to move our commodities and products through better utilization of existing capacity.”In its most recent “Comprehensive Truck Size and Weight Study,” the U.S. Department of Transportation found that six-axle trucks can safely weigh up to 91,000 pounds — the configuration allowable under the SAFE Trucking Act — while yielding significant truckload reductions, pavement wear savings and environmental efficiency benefits without diverting significant freight from rail. The U.S. DOT has also stated that the configuration is compliant with the federal bridge formula, and that wide use of the SAFE Trucking Act configuration would not cause any increase in one-time rehabilitation costs for Interstate bridges. Critically, the SAFE Trucking Act enables the U.S. DOT to require additional safety equipment for these vehicles before states can put these trucks to work.last_img read more


first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Population trends project the world population will grow by two billion in the next 40 years, requiring a 70% increase in food production to feed the world. To meet this demand, the future generation of farmers, scientists and other professionals will need to be Ag innovators. That’s where the 4‑H Ag Innovators Experience comes in.The 2017 4‑H Ag Innovators Experience is the Healthy Soils Carbon Soil Investigation Challenge which teaches 4-H youth about the importance of preserving and improving soil health through a variety of different methods to help create a sustainable ecosystem responsible for our food and fiber needs, environmental quality, and human health.This is the fourth year National 4-H Council has collaborated with Monsanto on the 4-H Ag Innovators program which engages youth in five states to build awareness of, and interest in, agriculture innovation and careers. This year’s Healthy Soils Carbon Soil Investigation Challenge events were held throughout the summer in Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska and Ohio.Abigail Myers of Springfield participated in the challenge and shared her experience in the following essay.Like most kids my age, I look forward to summer for a break from school with long days spent outside — hiking, swimming, enjoying barbeque at picnics and getting to hang out with my friends. And also like most kids my age, I have never given much thought to agriculture or where the food, that is part of so many of my favorite summer activities, comes from.This summer, in addition to all of my regular activities, I also got the chance to experience agriculture firsthand and learn how important it is to make sure the soil, where our food grows is healthy, thanks to the 4-H Ag Innovators Experience (AIE).Before participating in the AIE, I didn’t give much thought to how food is grown and raised. When I thought about where my food comes from, I thought about our local grocery store. Now that I’ve had the chance to learn that “soil” just doesn’t mean “dirt,” I have a new appreciation for agriculture and what it takes to grow the food that fills the grocery store shelves. Keeping soil healthy for the future will require continuous innovation and young people, like me, to help lead the way to solve new challenges.I really enjoyed getting to participate in the hands-on 4-H AIE Healthy Soils InvestigationAbigail Myers, left, of Springfield participated in the Healthy Soils Carbon Soil Investigation Challenge in Columbus this summer.Challenge and walked away with not only a fun experience, but a much better understanding of how agriculture is connected to our everyday lives. It was fun getting to work in teams to perform the Slake Test and Chemical Test to determine the health of our soil sample. Using the micro-robot to build a mini no-till planter was a bit challenging at first, but after a few tries, my team was able to build a planter that disrupted only a small amount of soil when planting which is good for the soil ecosystem.I believe it is imperative that young people learn about agriculture and understand the relevance of agriculture in their everyday lives. With the world population expected to reach nine billion by the year 2050, we will be tasked with the challenge of growing enough food. Young people are the new generation and soon they will be the ones behind the design boards, wearing lab coats and conducting the science experiments that will lead to new discoveries in agriculture.To learn more about the 4-H Ag Innovators Experience program, visit www.4-h.org/about/partners/monsanto/.last_img read more


first_imgBringing all U.S. homes to airtightness levels spelled out in the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code would save as much as $33 billion in energy costs annually, according to new research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.Berkeley Lab scientist Jennifer Logue, lead author of the study, and her fellow researchers used “physics-based modeling” to calculate how much energy is wasted by air leaks, Berkeley Lab said in a news release. Researchers also wanted to identify a standard of airtightness that represented the best balance between costs and energy savings.Researchers considered five levels of tightening:“Average” tightening, which researchers defined as meeting levels of both the Weatherization Assistance Program and other non-WAP energy retrofit programs for an overall reduction in leakage of between 20% and 30%.“Advanced” tightening, in which all houses would be as airtight as the top 10% of houses with similar characteristics.Airtightness as defined by the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code, which is no more than 5 air changes per hour at a pressure difference of 50 pascals (ach50) in climates zones 1 and 2 and no more than 3 ach50 in climate zones 3 through 8.Canada’s R-2000 standard, which is 1.5 ach50.The Passivhaus standard of 0.6 ach50. IECC standard offers the best balanceThe total amount of source energy used in American homes is 22 quads (22 quadrillion BTUs) per year, or 23% of total U.S. consumption, the report says. Source energy includes the energy consumed on site plus the raw energy required to produce and deliver it.Tightening every one of the country’s 113 million homes to be as airtight as the top 10% of similar homes (what researchers called “advanced tightening”) would save 2.6 quads of energy per year, or roughly $22 billion, the report said.Getting to the IECC standard would save 3.83 quads, or $33 billion, annually. And that level offered most of the benefit of the two tighter standards while being more realistic to achieve. “According to their analysis, raising the U.S. housing stock to the IECC standard would reduce airflow in homes by a median value of 50 percent,” the Lab said.“As we move forward and look to build better housing stock, we want to know what standards we should enforce,” Logue was quoted as saying. “It looks like the IECC standard gets us the majority of the benefit of air sealing. More research is needed to determine the cost of implementing each of these standards in new homes to see which are cost-effective. As we get better at air sealing we can move towards tighter envelopes in buildings.” Ventilation carries low energy penaltyBerkeley Lab said the study took into account the amount of energy that would be required to increase ventilation to meet the ASHRAE 62.2 standard for healthy indoor air.“We found that the energy burden would be pretty small, only about an additional 0.2 quads of source energy annually to get everyone to the level where they’re getting enough whole-house ventilation,” Logue said in the press release.last_img read more


first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man Utd draw up plans for four new signingsby Paul Vegas23 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United plan to make four new signings for the start of next season.The Manchester Evening News says United want to sign a full back, midfielder, a forward and a striker to add depth and quality to Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s squad.United chiefs ‘held a recruitment meeting’ at the start of last month to begin drafting a shortlist of targets for the January transfer window and next summer.It is claimed that James Maddison, Jadon Sancho, Ben Chilwell and Declan Rice are principal targets as they look to continue their recent transfer strategy of purchasing young, British players.The club know that those deals would require significant negotiating and therefore the club is also drafting a longer list of targets. last_img read more


The winners of these two matches will play each other on July 9 at 4 p.m. EDT. See our World Cup predictions for the latest probabilities.In DepthThe second- and third-lowest-scoring teams to make the quarterfinals of this World Cup square off against each other in Saturday’s early game (Belgium, with six goals, vs. Argentina, with seven), and then the lowest-scoring team (Costa Rica, with five goals) faces the highest-scoring side (the Netherlands, which has scored 12).Let’s look at Belgium vs. Argentina first.Since Argentina ignominiously exited the 2010 World Cup with a second consecutive quarterfinal loss to Germany, little Lionel Messi has been dominating the world of soccer like nothing we’ve seen in modern times.After scoring only one goal in both his previous World Cup tournaments combined, this year he’s taken the tournament by storm, scoring four goals (including a stoppage-time game-winner against Iran) in his first three matches, and recording the game-winning assist with just minutes remaining in the fourth.Stoking questions about whether it relies too much on Messi, however, the rest of his team has been awful on offense; Argentina’s other players have managed to put the same number of balls into their opponents’ nets (one) as those opponents have themselves (Bosnia’s own goal). Argentina’s shooting breaks down like so:Messi has scored on four of 16 shots (including converting three of 11 attempts from outside the penalty area).In the 18 shots set up by Messi (the highest number of chances created by any player going into the quarterfinals), Argentina has scored once (Angel di Maria’s game-winner against Switzerland).In the 46 shots Messi was not involved in, Argentina has scored only once, failing to score on all 42 attempts from outside the 6-yard box.Thus — despite having Messi, and despite Messi playing brilliantly — Argentina has only scored on 7.5 percent of its shot attempts, second-worst among quarterfinalists.Belgium, on the other hand, has seen six different players score. But that’s only six goals; even though Belgium has taken a tournament-leading 21 shots per game, the Red Devils have scored on only 7.2 percent of those shots, the worst of all quarterfinalists.Belgium has largely gotten by on excellent goalkeeping, with Thibaut Courtois allowing only two goals despite facing 13 shots on goal worth 4.84 expected goals (using ESPN/TruMedia’s Expected Goals model). His .22 “goals allowed below average” (GABA) per shot is the highest of remaining goalies (higher is better).Another team with good goalkeeping so far is Costa Rica, whose Keylor Navas has saved 14 of 16 shots on goal, with an average GABA of .21 per shot, good for second behind Courtois.Neither Costa Rica nor the Netherlands are what you’d call possession teams: Despite their impressive run, the Netherlands has held the ball just 44 percent of the time, and Costa Rica has held it 42 percent (the only other quarterfinalist with less than 50 percent possession was Colombia, with 46 percent). The flip side of playing this way is that these two teams also lead quarterfinalists in average pass distance (21.7 and 20.8 yards, respectively).But for the most part, Costa Rica seems badly overmatched. While they’ve shot a respectable 14.3 percent, that’s mostly because they’ve been unable to get shots at all — they’ve taken about nine shots per game, averaging only three on goal. Both those figures are by far the lowest of any remaining squad.The Netherlands, on the other hand, had one the most impressive runs into the quarterfinals. The Dutch faced the most difficult route (their opponents had an average Soccer Power Index rating of 80.0), but so far have the second-highest goal differential at +8.The Netherlands has been far superior on contested plays. When taking on defenders, the Flying Dutchmen have been successful a whopping 69 percent of the time. That compares to just 31 percent for Costa Rica. The Netherlands has won contested balls in the air at a 57 percent rate, compared to 36 percent for Costa Rica.In trying to find what, aside from good fortune and good goalkeeping, has driven Costa Rica’s gritty run (it’s scraped by against the second-hardest schedule), just about the only thing I could come up with was evidence of how well it’s run the offside trap. Costa Rica has drawn an enormous number of offsides calls: It’s pulled its opponents offsides 28 times (the next-most among quarterfinalists was 12, by Germany).Overall, our World Cup odds give Argentina a 14.9 percent chance of winning it all, the Netherlands an 11.8 percent chance, Belgium a 2.3 percent chance, and Costa Rica a 0.7 percent chance.YesterdayIn the first competitive match between France and Germany since the semifinals of the 1986 World Cup, Germany took the lead early with a headed goal by defender Mats Hummels. It was Hummels’s second goal of the World Cup, making him the first defender to score twice in this year’s tournament (he would get company later in the day). Both of Hummels’s goals have been headers, and both have been by assisted by Toni Kroos.For Germany, headers are nothing new: Over the past 50 years (as far back as ESPN Stats & Info’s data set goes), Germany has scored 37 headed goals in World Cup play, nearly twice as many as any other country (Italy has 19). Scoring first — by head or foot — has been Germany’s recipe for success in the World Cup, especially as of late. The Germans are 21-0-2 in their last 23 World Cup matches when scoring first, their last loss coming in the 1994 quarterfinals to Bulgaria.France, on the other hand, trailed for the first time at this year’s tournament, and still has never won in a World Cup match when trailing at halftime, losing all 11 times. Les Bleus made efforts to equalize, ending up with more shots (13) than Germany (8), and more chances created (10 to 7). But it was all for naught.In Friday’s second match, Brazil opened the scoring in the seventh minute, its fastest goal of the tournament. The goal came from a Neymar corner kick, his first assist of the tournament. It was Thiago Silva’s first career World Cup goal, and it was Brazil’s third goal from a corner, tied with France and Germany for the most in this World Cup.Brazil was in control for the remainder of the first half, completing seven of 15 passes into the attacking penalty area and creating seven total chances. Neymar created four chances, including the assist; Colombia, as a team, created two in the first half.Brazil extended its lead to 2-0 on defender David Luiz’s 34-yard free kick, the second-longest goal of the tournament. Luiz failed to score in his first 39 career international appearances, but he has found the back of the net in his last two. Brazil has now taken a two-goal lead in a World Cup match 49 times, and has won all 49.The breakout star in the tournament so far, Colombia’s James Rodriguez, converted a penalty to give his side hope; he scored in all five of his games in the tournament. It was his sixth goal, giving him a two-goal lead in the race for the Golden Boot. Colombia scored five goals combined in its last two World Cup appearances (1994 and 1998).Brazil and Germany’s semifinal meeting on Tuesday will, incredibly, mark only the second time these two countries have met at the World Cup. The other was the 2002 final, won by Brazil 2-0. — Jacob Nitzberg, senior statistics analyst, ESPNOff the PitchThe Netherlands and Costa Rica have been friends for a while. In fact, the Dutch were a big source of aid to the Costa Ricans until recently, when the latter ascended to middle-income status. The relationship has gradually shifted to focus more on trade and economic cooperation, but it’s still worth looking at the aid the Netherlands provided over the years.AidData reports that the Dutch sent about $362.5 million Costa Rica’s way between 1978 and 2010. The bulk allocation changed with time, and in the 1980s seemed to focus on industry growth, with $1 million going toward agriculture in 1981, $31 million toward imports to Costa Rica in 1984 and $7 million toward forestry in 1989. The ‘90s began a slow transition, with $17 million spent on multisector industry growth in 1994, $22 million on debt alleviation in 1996 and $21 million on general environmental protection in 1997. With this final pivot, it looks like Costa Rica found its stride — environmental protection continued to be the focus of Dutch aid through 2006, with a final peak of $17 million. Since then, Costa Rica’s tourism industry has boomed, and Dutch aid has all but completely ended.Further ReadingMohawks, Faux-hawks And Macklemores: The Top-Heavy Hairdos of the World CupThe World Cup USMNT Replacement Team Power RankingsStop Making Sense It’s Old Dutch Empire vs. Old Spanish Empire day, as Argentina (independent from Spain since 1816) takes on Belgium (independent from the Netherlands since 1830), and Costa Rica (independent from Spain since 1821) takes on the Netherlands itself.In BriefArgentina vs. Belgium: 12 p.m. EDTNetherlands vs. Costa Rica 4 p.m. EDT read more


For a majority of the Ohio State football team, one thought comes to mind when they think of Saturday’s upcoming game against Nebraska: “We owe them one.” Some OSU players threw that phrase around after the team’s Wednesday practice at the Woody Hayes Athletic Center. First-year OSU coach Urban Meyer wasn’t part of the Buckeyes’ 34-27 loss in Lincoln, Neb., last season, but he understands his players want revenge. “I have heard them talk about this,” Meyer said Wednesday. “I’ve actually heard, I haven’t brought it up – maybe this weekend or Friday, I’ve got to evaluate where we’re at – but I hear them saying ‘We owe this team.’” Under the lights OSU will have quite the stage for revenge Saturday, with the game being a nationally televised broadcast on ABC, under the lights, with kickoff scheduled for 8:00 p.m. That should help the No. 12-ranked Buckeyes’ chances against the No. 21-ranked Cornhuskers, as Ohio Stadium should be closer to being the “inferno” Meyer has said many times he hopes The Horseshoe can be. Preparing for a night game can pose challenges, though. Players have much more time than usual waiting for kickoff, and what OSU will do Saturday morning and afternoon is something Meyer is still considering. “We’re still finalizing our plans for it. The good thing is, we have a lot of experience with night games, (OSU strength coach Mickey Marotti) and I,” Meyer said. “We want them rested. We have an idea but it hasn’t been completed yet.” Injury update OSU will be without at least one of their playmakers Saturday. Senior running back Jordan Hall will not play in Saturday’s contest as he is still recovering from an injury to his right knee. Buckeye redshirt junior safety C.J Barnett is a “maybe.” “Is there a maybe category? He’s got to get a lot better. He’s still limping around,” Meyer said. Sophomore defensive end Michael Bennett will play after suffering a groin injury before the Buckeyes’ game against Miami. Deep threat Twice this season, and once last year, OSU sophomore quarterback Braxton Miller and sophomore wide receiver Devin Smith have hooked up for a long, game-winning touchdown through the air. Throwing deep is something Meyer said he would like to do more often. He now trusts both Miller and Smith to make connections on long passes, but he wasn’t able to say that in the spring. “If you were to say that before Spring Game – April 21 or something – if you said that April 14 I would have looked at you like you had seven heads. (Smith) has earned that right,” Meyer said of Smith running deep patterns. Defending Nebraska The Huskers don’t have a big, bruising running back like the Buckeyes had to defend last week in Michigan State junior tailback Le’Veon Bell. Many of Nebraska’s players, both offensive and defensive, are of the quicker and leaner build. Don’t say Nebraska isn’t physical, though. “No, no, no. This is a tough outfit. It’s a very physical defense. They fly around. A much different scheme, they try to push you east-west,” Meyer said. Against MSU, the Buckeyes had to focus on mainly just one player – Bell. Nebraska has three capable runners: redshirt junior quarterback Taylor Martinez, senior running back Rex Burkhead and sophomore tailback Ameer Abdullah. Meaning the OSU defense doesn’t have much room for error. “You miss (Martinez) and it’s a home run. That Burkhead just keeps coming at you, coming at you. Their offensive line, I think their offensive line is very good. They block several players as well as anyone I’ve seen,” Meyer said. read more


first_imgNewcastle boss Rafael Benitez has joined the growing list of managers wishing they could have Eden Hazard following their 2-1 loss to Chelsea on SundayThe Spaniard’s ultra-defensive master-plan of a 5-4-1 formation at St James’ Park looked to have paid off at one point when substitute Joselu headed home an 83rd-minute equaliser to cancel out Hazard’s penalty.But a late own goal from DeAndre Yedlin saw Chelsea maintain their perfect start to the new Premier League season and grab a first league win at St James’ Park since December 2011.And Benitez had an interesting theory afterwards of how things could have gone differently.“It depends on the players you have. If I had (Eden) Hazard I would give it to him and he would make the difference,” said the 58-year-old, according to TeamTalk.“We know that we can be better with the ball, but I think we did well until the end. “Both the penalty and foul leading up to it were very doubtful,”Tammy Abraham, ChelseaChelsea hat-trick hero Tammy Abraham hopes for more Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Tammy Abraham hopes this season will be his big breakthrough at Chelsea after firing his first hat-trick for the club in Saturday’s 5-2 win at Wolves.“We are missing five or six players. Any top side losing six players–a team with its own problems and six players out.“We don’t have any issues. We have some injuries and it’s something we have to manage.”Benitez dismissed reports of a bust-up with captain Jamaal Lascelles and explained his absence.“Jamaal (Lascelles) has an ankle problem, but he is already working with the physios but Jonjo (Shelvey) will have to wait one or two weeks,”  he revealed.Newcastle will next face Nottingham Forest on Wednesday in the second round of the EFL Cup.last_img read more


first_imgReal Madrid have announced that Karim Benzema sustained a hamstring injury in their 1-0 defeat to SD Alaves on SaturdayThe French striker was forced to leave the pitch at half-time with teammate Gareth Bale also being withdrawn in the final 10 minutes at Alaves.Reports emerged on Monday stating that Bale had not trained with the Wales squad ahead of their friendly with Spain in Cardiff on Thursday evening.Now Real have confirmed Benzema’s hamstring injury, but did not disclose a timeframe for his recovery.David Villa, SpainQuiz: How much do you know about David Villa? Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Time to test your knowledge about Spanish legendary forward David Villa.“Following tests carried out today on our player Karim Benzema by the Real Madrid Sanitas medical team, he has been diagnosed with an injury to his right hamstring. His recovery will continue to be assessed,” read a statement on the club website.Normally hamstring injuries require around two weeks to heal, which makes Benzema a doubt for El Clasico at the Nou Camp on October 28 against rivals Barcelona.Marcelo, Isco and Dani Carvajal also remain on the sidelines for Los Blancos with Levante up next after the international break.last_img read more


first_img Tags 2019 Fiat 500X first drive: New engine, same problems Car Industry More From Roadshow 2018 Honda Accord: Turbo engines, sharper design and more space Enlarge ImageEV credits will help automakers meet the terms of the new pact. Sebastian Rothe/EyeEm/Getty BMW, Ford, Honda and Volkswagen have hashed out terms with the state of California on a new fuel economy and emissions agreement. The pact closely mirrors clean car standards put in place by the US Environmental Protection Agency under the Obama administration. The greenhouse gas deal, which affects new vehicle sales through 2026, is being viewed as a rebuke of the Trump administration’s planned emissions and fuel economy rollbacks for the auto industry. In an joint statement released Thursday in coordination with the California Air Resources Board, the automakers said, “These terms will provide our companies much-needed regulatory certainty by allowing us to meet both federal and state requirements with a single national fleet, avoiding a patchwork of regulations while continuing to ensure meaningful greenhouse gas emissions reductions.”President Trump and the EPA have been working to undo California’s policy of setting its own emissions and fuel economy standards, a practice set in motion by the 1970 Clean Air Act. The White House argues that national standards effectively preempt individual states from setting their own regulations. To date, a dozen states have adopted California’s current emissions standards.As part of the voluntary deal, these four major automakers have agreed to lift the average fuel economy of their individual new cars to almost 50 miles per gallon by 2026. The plan calls for a 3.7% increase annually beginning with the 2022 model year, with 1% of that targeted rise being coverable by credits for electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel-cell vehicles. While so far only four automakers have signed on to this pact, the deal is open for others to join. Further, BMW, Ford, Honda and VW comprise about 30% of worldwide auto sales.The newly announced standards are actually somewhat less ambitious than the rules put forth under the Obama administration, which called for hitting 50-plus MPG by the 2025 model year.Back in August of 2018, the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration announced a plan to keep the automaker efficiency standards at a fleet average of 37 mpg — 2020 levels. The rationale, in part, was that continued investment in more efficient technologies will push new vehicle prices out of reach of many consumers, keeping more motorists in older, dirtier and unsafer vehicles. The plan was criticized by automakers for its lack of flexibility and an August 2018 survey found that the White House’s proposed rollbacks would be unpopular with consumers. 2020 BMW 745e xDrive plug-in hybrid is more potent and stylish 2019 Audi TT Roadster review: The exit interview 0 Share your voice 73 Photos Post a comment BMW Ford Honda Volkswagenlast_img read more